Fired The Decisive
I have read many Protestant articles
regarding the origins of the Canons of both the Old and New Testaments. They all
fell short of the truth of what really happened. What they chose to relate, only
told half of the story and though at first glance, it seemed to enhance their
position, it was laced with inaccuracies.
As I have pointed out in another page on this website, called,
'Is Half of
the Story Sufficient',
"HALF of the TRUTH is
NO TRUTH at all."
As you probably know, Catholic
Bibles have 73 books, 46 in the Old Testament, and 27 in the New Testament.
Protestant Bibles have 66 books with only 39 in the Old Testament. The books
missing from Protestant Bibles are: Tobit, Judith, Baruch, Wisdom, Sirach, 1 and
2 Maccabees, and parts of Esther and Daniel. They are called the
'Deuterocanonicals' by Catholics and 'Apocrypha' by Protestants. Martin Luther,
without any authority whatsoever, removed those seven books and placed them in
an appendix during the reformation. They remained in the appendix of Protestant
Bibles until about 1826, and then they were removed altogether.
"The Origin of Sola
Scriptura", found elsewhere on this website for the
details of Martin Luther's actions in doing this.
Please be mindful of the
fact that those seven books had been in Bibles used by all Christians from the
very foundation of Christianity.
A short history lesson...
Hellenistic Greek was the language of the day
during the time of Christ. This was due to the fact that Alexander the Great had
conquered the region several hundred years before. The Hebrew language was on
its way out, and there was a critical need for a translation of the Hebrew Old
Testament for dispersed Greek speaking Jews. This translation, called the
Septuagint, or LXX, was completed by Jewish scholars in about 148 B.C. and it
had all of the books, including the seven removed by Martin Luther over 1650
years later. The New Testament has about 350 references to Old Testament verses.
By careful examination, scholars have determined that 300 of these are from the
Septuagint and the rest are from the Hebrew Old Testament*.
They have shown that Jesus Christ Himself, quoted from the Septuagint. Early
Christians used the Septuagint to support Christian teachings. The Jews were
upset that these new Christians were using their translation for Christian
*Dictionary of the
Bible, John L. McKenzie, pg 787.
About 90-95 A.D., or several decades after the beginning of Christianity, the
Jews called a council to deal with the matter. In this council, called the
"Council of Jamnia*", Jewish Pharisees,
who survived the devastating destruction of Jerusalem and of their temple in 70
A.D., decided to remove books that were helpful to Christians. They removed the
seven books, using various reasons as their "authorization" to do so. Keep in
mind, that the Greek speaking Jews had been using the Septuagint for well over
two centuries by this time. It was the Bible of the Greek speaking "Bereans" of
Acts 17:10-15 for which Protestants like to quote to try to "prove" their false
man-made doctrine of "Sola Scriptura".
non-Catholics charge that the seven books were not added to the Septuagint until
the fourth century. If that were true, how could the Council of Jamnia have
removed them in the first century if they were not there?
By the actions of
Protestant reformers in acceptance of the 39 book Old Testament, which was
declared the whole of Scripture by the Jewish Pharisees at Jamnia, the
Protestants have made it tantamount to approval of the Pharisaic Jews who
rejected Jesus and persecuted the Church. In doing so they have shown that they
believed that the Jews had more authority in deciding the Canon of Scripture
than did the Christian Church that Jesus Christ founded, which by the time of
the Council of Jamnia, had existed for about 60 years. A rejection of the
authority of Christ's Church, then as well as now, is a rejection of
Please see, "The
Deuters", elsewhere on this website for more details
regarding the actions of this council.
Christians continued using the
Septuagint with all of the books**, and they ignored the
decision of the Jewish Council. About 1450 years later, Martin Luther, on his
own recognizance and without any authority, removed those seven books, claiming
the decision of that Jewish Council was his "authority" to do so. At this point,
I am forced to ask, "If the Jews called a council next month with the expressed
desire to remove Isaiah because it supports the virgin birth in Isaiah 7:14, and
Jeremiah, for various reasons which support Christian beliefs, and they did it,
would the Protestants in turn support the decision of this new Jewish Council
and remove the same books from their King James Bible?" If not, what are their
reasons for not doing so? After all, they have already set a precedent. What is
the difference between almost 1450 years and almost
*Jamnia is a town in
western Israel, which is also spelled Jamniah, Javneh, Jabneel, or
**The Septuagint including the
Deuterocanonicals can be found here .
For the first 300 years of Christianity, there was no
Bible as we know it today. Christians had the Old Testament Septuagint, and
literally hundreds of other books from which to choose. The Catholic Church
realized early on that she had to decide which of these books were inspired and
which ones weren't. The debates raged between theologians, Bishops, and Church
Fathers, for several centuries as to which books were inspired and which ones
weren't. In the meantime, several Church Councils or Synods, were convened to
deal with the matter, notably, Rome in 382, Hippo in 393, and Carthage in 397
and 419. The debates sometimes became bitter on both sides. One of the most
famous was between St. Jerome, who felt the seven books were not canonical, and
St. Augustine who said they were. Protestants who write about this will
invariably mention St. Jerome and his opposition, and conveniently omit the
support of St. Augustine. I must point out here that Church Father's writings
are not infallible statements, and their arguments are merely reflections of
their own private opinions. When some say St. Jerome was against the inclusion
of the seven books, they are merely showing his personal opinion of them.
Everyone is entitled to his own opinion. However, A PERSONS PRIVATE OPINION DOES
NOT CHANGE THE TRUTH AT ALL. There are always three sides to every story, this
side, that side, and the side of truth. Whether Jerome's position, or
Augustine's position was the correct position, it had to be settled by a third
party, and that third party was the Catholic Church.
Now the story had a dramatic change, as the Pope stepped in to settle the
matter. In concurrence with the opinion of St. Augustine, and being prompted by
the Holy Spirit, Pope St. Damasus I, at the Council of Rome in 382, issued a
decree appropriately called, "The Decree of Damasus", in which he listed the
canonical books of both the Old and New Testaments. He then asked St. Jerome to
use this canon and to write a new Bible translation which included an Old
Testament of 46 books, which were all in the Septuagint, and a New Testament of
ROME HAD SPOKEN, THE ISSUE WAS
"THE CHURCH RECOGNIZED ITS IMAGE IN THE INSPIRED BOOKS OF THE
BIBLE. THAT IS HOW IT DETERMINED THE CANON OF SCRIPTURE." Fr. Ken
St. Jerome acquiesced under obedience (Hebrews 13:17) and began
the translation, and completed it in 404 A.D.. In 405, his new Latin
Vulgate* was published for the first
*The word "vulgate"
means, "The common language of the people, or the vernacular".
The Decree of Pope St. Damasus I, Council of Rome. 382 A.D....
DAMASUS 1, POPE, THE DECREE OF DAMASUS:
It is likewise decreed: Now,
indeed, we must treat of the divine Scriptures: what the universal Catholic
Church accepts and what she must shun.
The list of the Old Testament begins:
Genesis, one book; Exodus, one book: Leviticus, one book; Numbers, one book;
Deuteronomy, one book; Jesus Nave, one book; of Judges, one book; Ruth, one
book; of Kings, four books; Paralipomenon, two books; One Hundred and Fifty
Psalms, one book; of Solomon, three books: Proverbs, one book; Ecclesiastes, one
book; Canticle of Canticles, one book; likewise, Wisdom, one book; Ecclesiasticus (Sirach), one book; Likewise, the list
of the Prophets: Isaiah, one book; Jeremias, one book; along with Cinoth, that
is, his Lamentations; Ezechiel, one book; Daniel, one book; Osee, one book;
Amos, one book; Micheas, one book; Joel, one book; Abdias, one book; Jonas, one
book; Nahum, one book; Habacuc, one book; Sophonias, one book; Aggeus, one book;
Zacharias, one book; Malachias, one book. Likewise, the list of histories: Job,
one book; Tobias, one
book; Esdras, two books; Esther, one book; Judith, one book; of Maccabees, two books.
list of the Scriptures of the New and Eternal Testament, which the holy and
Catholic Church receives: of the Gospels, one book according to Matthew, one
book according to Mark, one book according to Luke, one book according to John.
The Epistles of the Apostle Paul, fourteen in number: one to the Romans, two to
the Corinthians, one to the Ephesians, two to the Thessalonians, one to the
Galatians, one to the Philippians, one to the Colossians, two to Timothy, one to
Titus one to Philemon, one to the Hebrews. Likewise, one book of the Apocalypse
of John. And the Acts of the Apostles, one book. Likewise, the canonical
Epistles, seven in number: of the Apostle Peter, two Epistles; of the Apostle
James, one Epistle; of the Apostle John, one Epistle; of the other John, a
Presbyter, two Epistles; of the Apostle Jude the Zealot, one Epistle. Thus
concludes the canon of the New Testament.
Likewise it is decreed: After the
announcement of all of these prophetic and evangelic or as well as apostolic
writings which we have listed above as Scriptures, on which, by the grace of
God, the Catholic Church is founded, we have considered that it ought to be
announced that although all the Catholic Churches spread abroad through the
world comprise but one bridal chamber of Christ, nevertheless, the holy Roman
Church has been placed at the forefront not by the conciliar decisions of other
Churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and
Savior, who says: "You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and
the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys
of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you shall have bound on earth will be
bound in heaven, and whatever you shall have loosed on earth shall be loosed in
This list of 46 Old Testament and 27 New Testament books was reconfirmed in the
Council of Carthage in 397 A.D.. St. Jerome's translation, "The Latin
Vulgate"*, is to this day, the official Bible of the Catholic
Church. The Bibles which Catholics use today, have the same 46 books in the Old
Testament as they have had since before the beginning of Christianity.
*The Latin Vulgate can be found
I have not seen a Protestant writing giving
recognition to Pope St. Damasus I, or of even the barest mention of his decree,
or of the Council of Rome. This is more than half of the truth which is
"conveniently" left out of Protestant arguments. See? Half of the truth really is no truth at all.
The Council of Hippo in 393 reaffirmed the canon put forth by Pope Damasus
Council of Hippo. "It has been decided that besides the
canonical Scriptures nothing be read in church under the name of divine
But the canonical Scriptures are as follows: Genesis, Exodus,
Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua the Son of Nun, Judges, Ruth, the Kings,
four books, the Chronicles, two books, Job, the Psalter, the five books of
Solomon (included Wisdom and Ecclesiastes
(Sirach)), the twelve books of the Prophets, Isaiah,
Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Tobit, Judith,
Esther, Ezra, two books, Maccabees, two
(canon 36 A.D. 393). At about this time
St. Jerome started using the Hebrew text as a source for his translation of the
Old Testament into the Latin Vulgate.
The Third Council of Carthage reaffirmed anew, the Canon put forth by Pope
Council of Carthage III. "It has been decided
that nothing except the canonical Scriptures should be read in the Church under
the name of the divine Scriptures. But the canonical Scriptures are: Genesis,
Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, four books of
Kings, Paralipomenon, two books, Job, the Psalter of David, five books of
Solomon (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom, Sirach), twelve books of the Prophets,
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Tobit, Judith,
Esther, two books of Esdras, two books of the
(canon 47 A.D. 397).
It is to be noted that the book of Baruch was
considered by some Church Fathers to be a part of the book of Jeremiah and as
such was not listed separately by them.
The Fourth Council of Carthage in 419 again
reaffirmed the Canons as defined in previous councils...
"That nothing be read in church besides the Canonical
ITEM, that besides the Canonical Scriptures nothing be read in
church under the name of divine Scripture. But the Canonical Scriptures are as
follows: * Genesis * Exodus * Leviticus * Numbers * Deuteronomy * Joshua the Son
of Nun * The Judges * Ruth * The Kings (4 books) * The Chronicles (2 books) *
Job * The Psalter * The Five books of Solomon (includes Wisdom and Sirach) * The
Twelve Books of the Prophets * Isaiah * Jeremiah * Ezechiel * Daniel *
Tobit * Judith * Esther * Ezra (2 books) *
New Testament: * The Gospels (4 books) * The Acts of the Apostles (1 book) * The
Epistles of Paul (14) * The Epistles of Peter, the Apostle (2) * The Epistles of
John the Apostle (3) * The Epistles of James the Apostle (1) * The Epistle of
Jude the Apostle (1) * The Revelation of John (1 book).
Let this be sent to
our brother and fellow bishop, [Pope] Boniface, and to the other bishops of
those parts, that they may confirm this canon, for these are the things which we
have received from our fathers to be read in church."
[This is Canon xxxvj.
of Hippo., 393. The last phrase allowing the reading of the "passions of the
Martyrs" on their Anniversaries is omitted from the African code.]
The Council of Florence, also called Basel, 1431-1445, was yet another
Council which confirmed the Canons of both testaments of the
SESSION 11 4 February 1442:
"We, therefore, to whom the Lord
gave the task of feeding Christ's sheep', had abbot Andrew carefully examined by
some outstanding men of this sacred council on the articles of the faith, the
sacraments of the church and certain other matters pertaining to salvation. At
length, after an exposition of the catholic faith to the abbot, as far as this
seemed to be necessary, and his humble acceptance of it, we have delivered in
the name of the Lord in this solemn session, with the approval of this sacred
ecumenical council of Florence, the following true and necessary doctrine. Most
firmly it believes, professes and preaches that the one true God, Father, Son
and holy Spirit, is the creator of all things that are, visible and invisible,
who, when he willed it, made from his own goodness all creatures, both spiritual
and corporeal, good indeed because they are made by the supreme good, but
mutable because they are made from nothing, and it asserts that there is no
nature of evil because every nature, in so far as it is a nature, is good. It
professes that one and the same God is the author of the old and the new
Testament -- that is, the law and the prophets, and the gospel -- since the
saints of both testaments spoke under the inspiration of the same Spirit.
accepts and venerates their books, whose titles are as follows. Five books of
Moses, namely Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy; Joshua, Judges,
Ruth, four books of Kings, two of Paralipomenon, Esdras, Nehemiah, Tobit, Judith, Esther, Job, Psalms of David,
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Isaiah, Jeremiah,
Baruch, Ezechiel, Daniel;
the twelve minor prophets, namely Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah,
Nahum, Habakuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi; two books of the Maccabees; the four
gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John; fourteen letters of Paul, to the
Romans, two to the Corinthians, to the Galatians, to the Ephesians, to the
Philippians, two to the Thessalonians, to the Colossians, two to Timothy, to
Titus, to Philemon, to the Hebrews; two letters of Peter, three of John, one of
James, one of Jude; Acts of the Apostles; Apocalypse of John."
The Council of Florence was held over 100
years before the Council of Trent, and about 80 years before the start of the
The Council of Trent 1546-1565, the longest lasting Council in Church
The Catholic Council of Trent, called to counter
changes made by Martin Luther, again reaffirmed the canonicity of all 46 books
of the Old Testament. Some Protestant reformers who attended, tried to get the
Church to accept the list of books which the Jewish rabbis had chosen at Jamnia.
The Church refused and upheld her teaching from Pope Damasus I, and the
Council of Florence. As a result, Protestants have the same New Testament books
as Catholics, but their Old Testament differs because it does not contain the
books rejected by the rabbis at Jamnia, and much later, rejected by Martin
It is interesting that for 1500 years all Christians accepted the
same canon for the Old Testament. Only in the last 480 years, since the
reformation, has there been disagreement from Protestants.
Here are some of the claims made by Protestants regarding the finalizing of the
canon of Scripture...
1. God passed the canons directly to man.
what men? Who, what , where, when and why?
Documentary proof please. How do
you know this? Show me the Bible verse? Show me the list as passed down by
2. Luther did not remove the 7 books, the Jews did at
Jamnia, so they weren't there to begin with.
they were never there to begin with, then how do you explain the fact that they
are, and always have been, in the Latin Vulgate, which has been in use by the
Catholic Church for over 1500 years?
Explain why so many history books are
wrong, by saying Luther removed them during the reformation? I must ask also,
"By what authority does a Jewish Council, which was convened decades after the
dawn of Christianity, have any claim regarding the nature of Christian
3. The Council of Trent in 1546-1565 "added" the 7
If so, then how could Luther have removed
them 20 years earlier if they were not there?
How could Trent have added them
if they were already in the Latin Vulgate from 404 A.D.?
4. Jesus Christ did not reference the
Deuterocanonical books, so they cannot be canonical.
Well, let us see just which books He did
Matthew 4:4, He referred to Deuteronomy
Matthew 4:7, He referred to Deuteronomy 6:16
Matthew 4:10, He
referenced Deuteronomy 6:13 and 10:20
Matthew 6:10, He referenced 1Maccabees
Matthew 6:12, He referenced Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) 28:2
6:13, He referenced Sirach 33:1
Matthew 7:12, and Luke 6:31, He referenced
Matthew 9:13, He quoted Hosea 6:6
Matthew 11:25, He quoted
Matthew 12:42, He quoted the Book of Wisdom itself
13:43, He quoted Wisdom 3:7
Matthew 16:18, He quoted Wisdom 16:13
22:32, He quoted Exodus 3:6
Matthew 22:37, He quoted Deuteronomy
Matthew 22:39, He quoted Leviticus 19:18
Matthew 22:44, He quoted
Matthew 24:16, He quoted 1Maccabees 2:28
Mark 4:5,16-17, He
quoted Sirach 40:15
Mark 7:6-8, He quoted Isaiah 29:13
Mark 9:47-48, He
quoted Judith 16:17
Luke 13:29, He quoted Baruch 4:37
Luke 21:24, He
quoted Sirach 28:18
John 1:3, He quoted Wisdom 9:1
John 3:13, He quoted
John 4:48, He quoted Wisdom 8:8
John 5:18, He quoted Wisdom
John 6:35-59, He quoted Sirach 24:21
John 14:23, He referenced Sirach
2:15-16, (Septuagint) or Sirach 2:18 (Confraternity).
John 15:6, He
referenced Wisdom 4:5
He quoted Deuteronomy, Hosea, Exodus, Leviticus,
Isaiah, and Psalms, as I have listed here, and there are more, but He did not
quote all of the books of the Old Testament.
Of these books, neither
Jesus Christ nor the Apostles referenced:
Song of Songs, Ecclesiastes,
Esther, Obadiah, Zephaniah, Judges, 1Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Lamentatations,
Does this make these books any less canonical simply because they
were not referenced by them?
However, did you notice that I have
referenced six of the Deuterocanonical books in my list, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom,
Sirach, Baruch and 1Maccabees? As pointed out above, the Septuagint was
referenced by Christ and the Apostles, many more times than they referenced the
Hebrew Old Testament, and the Septuagint had all 46 books. These four references
lend much credibility to the books removed by Luther, and to the Greek
The Deuteroncanonical book of
Wisdom has, however, a stunning prophecy of Jesus Christ, which adds immensely
to its canonicity...
"Therefore let us lie in wait
for the righteous; because he is not for our turn, and he is clean contrary to
our doings: he upbraided us with our offending the law, and objecteth to our
infamy the transgressions of our education. He professeth to have the knowledge
of GOD: and he calleth himself the child of the Lord. He was made to reprove our
thoughts. He is grevious unto us even to behold: for his life is not like other
men's, his ways are of another fashion. We are esteemed of him as counterfeits:
he abstaineth from our ways as from filthiness: he pronounceth the end of the
just to be blessed, and maketh his boast that GOD is his Father. Let us see if
his words be true; and let us prove what shall happen in the end of him. For if
the just man be the Son of GOD, he will help him, and deliver him from the hand
of his enemies. Let us examine him with despitefulness and torture, that we may
know his meekness and prove his patience. Let us condemn him with a shameful
death: for by his own saying he shall be respected." Wisdom 2:12-20, Septuagint.
See Matthew 27:42-43
5. There is no New Testament reference to any of the disputed books.
pointed out in the previous question, this is absolutely not true as there are
several references to the "Deuterocanonicals", and at least three from
"Apocrypha" which I have found...
Bible references (N.T.) to Apocryphal
1. Jude 1:9, Yet when Michael the
archangel was fiercely disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, he did
not venture to bring against him an accusation of blasphemy, but said, "May the
Lord rebuke thee."
This is found in the Apocryphal book, "The Assumption of
2. Jude 1:14, Now of these also Enoch, the seventh from Adam,
prophesied, saying, "Behold the Lord has come with thousands of His holy
ones..." This prophecy is from the Apocryphal Book of "Enoch", 1:9.
3. 2Tim 3:8, "Just as Jannes and
Jambres resisted Moses, so these men also resist the truth, for they are corrupt
in mind, reprobate as regards the faith." Although this is a reference to Ex
7:11, the 'magicians' of Pharaoh, they are not named in Exodus. They are found
in the Apocryphal book "Gospel of Nicodemus" 5:1. They are also found in the
"Narrative of Aeneas Account of the Suffering of the Lord Jesus Christ," 5:4.
Bible references (N.T.) to
Deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament: These references show legitimacy to
these books that Protestants rejected. They also show that the seven books were
indeed in the Septuagint at the time these references were written in the first
Matt 2:16, "...and he sent and slew...who were two years old and
under..." Found in Wis 11:8.
Matt 7:12, Luke 6:31, "...all that you wish
men to do to you, even so do you also to them...".
Found in Tobit 4:16
Matt 9:36, "...sheep without a shepherd." Found in Judith
Matt 11:25, "...Lord of heaven and earth...". Found in Tobit
Matt 12:42, "...Wisdom of Solomon..." Refers to the Book of
Matt 13:43, "Then the just will shine forth...". Found in Wisdom
Matt 16:18, "...gates of hell...". Found in Wis 16:13
18:15, "But if thy brother sin against thee...". Similar to Sirach 19:13
Matt 23:24, the story of the seven husbands who all died. Found in Tobit
3:8 and 7:11
Matt 24:16, "...flee to the mountains...". Found in
Matt 25:36, "...sick and you visited
me...". Similar to Sirach 7:39.
Matt 27:42, "...if He is the King of
Israel, let Him come down now from the cross...".
Similar to Wisdom 2:18-20.
Matt 27:43, If He is GOD's Son let GOD deliver Him. Found in Wisdom
Mark 4:16-17, seeds on rocky ground. Found in Sirach
Mark 9:47-48, the worm does not die and there is fire. Found in
Mark 14:61-62, "...are you the Christ, the Son of the
Blessed One: And Jesus said to him, I AM." Found in Wisdom 2:13.
1:19, "I am Gabriel, who stand in the presence of GOD...". Found in Tobit
Luke 1:28,42, "Blessed are you among women..." Found in Judith
Luke 1:52, in the magnificat the mighty fall replaced by the lowly.
Found in Sirach 10:14
Luke 2:29-30, Simons declaration that now he may
die because he has seen. Found in Tobit 11:9
Luke 2:37, "...as a
widow...She never left the temple, but worshiped night and day with fasting and
prayer." Found in Judith 8:4-6.
Luke 13:29, "...and they will come from
the east and the west..." Found in Baruch 4:37
Luke 14:13, "...when you
give a feast, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame...".
Similar to Tobit
Luke 21:24, "And they will fall by the edge of the sword..." Found
in Sirach 28:18
Luke 24:4, "...two men stood by them in dazzling
raiment." Found in 2Maccabees 3:26.
John 1:1-3, All things were made
through the Word of GOD. Found in Wisdom 9:1.
John 3:13, "No one has
ascended to heaven..." Found in Baruch 3:29
John 4:48, "...signs and
wonders..." Found in Wisdom 8:8
John 5:18, Jesus called GOD His Father.
Found in Wisdom 2:16
John 6:35-59, the Eucharistic discourse. Found in
John 10:22, "Now there took place at
Jerusalem the feast of the dedication...".
This feast can only be found in
1Maccabees 4:52-59, and 2Maccabees 10:5-8.
How can anyone who rejects the
Deuterocanonicals, know anything about the Feast of the Dedication?
14:23, "...If anyone love Me, he will keep My word...". This is in Sirach 2:18.
John 15:6, fruitless branches will be cut off. Found in Wisdom
John 16:15, "All things that the Father has are mine." Found in
Acts 10:34, GOD shows no partiality. Found in Sirach
Acts 17:29, false gods compared to gold and silver. Found in Wisdom
Rom 1:18-25, Knowledge of GOD and
ignorance of idolatry. Found in Wisdom 13:1-10
Rom 1:20, GOD's existence
is seen in nature. Found in Wisdom 13:1
Rom 1:24-27, idolatry leads to
sexual perversion. Found in Wisdom 14:12, 14:24-27
Rom 2:11, GOD is not a
respector of persons. Found in Sirach 35:15
Rom 4:17, Abraham is the
father of many nations. Found in Sirach 44:19
Rom 5:12, death entered the
world through sin. Found in Wisdom 2:24
Rom 9:21, " is not the potter
master of his clay...". Found in Wisdom 15:7
Rom 10:6, "...Who will go
up into heaven..." Found in Baruch 3:29.
Rom 11:33, "...How inscrutable
are His judgments and how unsearchable are His ways."
Found in Judith 8:14.
1Cor 2:16, "...who has known the mind of the Lord...". Found in Wisdom
1Cor 6:13, "...food for the belly and
belly for food...". Similar to Sirach 36:20, 37:28-30
1Cor 8:5-6, many
gods but one GOD. Similar to Wisdom 13:3
1Cor 10:1, under a cloud and
passing through the sea. Found in Wisdom 19:7
1Cor 10:9-10, "...perished by
serpents and destroyed by the destroyer."
Almost perfectly matched in Judith
1Cor 10:20, "...they sacrifice to demons, not to God...". Found
in Baruch 4:7.
Eph 1:17, the Spirit of Wisdom. Found in Wisdom
Eph 6:14-17, "...breastplate, armour, sword, etc...". Found in Wisdom
1Tim 6:15, GOD as sovereign of the world. Found in 2Maccabees
2Tim 4:8, crown of justice. Similar to Wisdom 5:16
"...brightness of His glory..." Similar to Wis 7:26-27
Heb 4:12, GOD's
word as a sword. Similar to Wisdom 18:15-16
Heb 11:5, Enoch being taken
up. Found in Wisdom 4:10 and Sirach 44:16
Heb 11:35, "...Others were tortured,
refusing to accept release, that they might find a better resurrection." The
only place in the Old Testament in which you will find reference to that is
2Macc 7:1-29. How do you, who do not have 2Maccabees, explain that?
Note! The first half of Heb 11:35 is found in 1Kings 17:23 and 2Kings 4:36.
Heb 11:38, "...wandering in the deserts, mountains...".
found in 1Maccabees 2:28-30 and 2Maccabees 5:27.
Heb 12:12, drooping
hands and weak knees. Found in Sirach 25:23
James 1:19, be quick to hear
and slow to speak. Found in Sirach 5:10-11
James 2:23, reckoned as
righteous. Found in 2Maccabees 2:52
James 3:13, perform his works in
meekness. Found in Sirach 3:17
James 5:3, silver that rusts and laying up
treasure. Found in Sirach 29:10-11
James 5:6, condemning and killing the
righteous man. Found in Wisdom 2:10-20
1Pet 1:6-7, "...gold which is tried
by fire...". See Wisdom 3:5-6 and Sirach 2:5
1Pet 1:17, we will be judged
according to out works and deeds. Found in Sirach 16:12
2Pet 2:7, GOD
rescued the righteous man, Lot. Found in Wisdom 10:6
1John 3:17, "If
someone who has worldly means sees a brother in need and refuses him compassion,
how can the love of GOD remain in him?" Found in Tobit 4:7.
power over death and gates of hell. Found in Wisdom 16:13
Rev 5:7, GOD
seated on a throne. Found in Sirach 11:6
Rev 8:3-4, prayers of the saints
presented to GOD by angels. Found in Tobit 12:12-15
Rev 8:7, raining hail
and fire. Found in Wisdom 16:22 and Sirach 39:29
Rev 9:3, killing by
locusts. Found in Wisdom 16:9
Rev 11:19, the new Ark of the Covenant
prophesied. Found in 2Maccabees 2:6-8
Rev 17:14, King of Kings. Found in
Rev 19:1, a great crowd saying Halleluia. Found in Tobit
Rev 19:11, the Lord on a horse. Found in 2Maccabees
Rev 21:18, "And the material of its
wall was jasper; but the city itself was pure gold, like pure glass." Similar to
These are just a few that I have found,
and with very little effort. There are references listed for all of the
Deuterocanonical books. Most of them were found just by reading the cross
references in Bibles. There are many more.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT CANON:
The New Testament books are written, but during this same period
other early Christian writings are produced--for example, the Didache (c. AD
70), 1 Clement (c. 96), the Epistle of Barnabas (c. 100), and the 7 letters of
St. Ignatius of Antioch (c. 107).
Marcion, a businessman in
Rome, taught that there were two Gods:
Yahweh, the cruel God of the Old
Testament, and Abba, the kind father of the New Testament. Marcion eliminated
the Old Testament as scriptures and, since he was anti-Semitic, kept from the
New Testament only 10 letters of Paul and 2/3 of Luke's gospel (he deleted
references to Jesus's Jewishness). Marcion's "New Testament", the first to be
compiled, forced the mainstream Church to decide on a core canon: the four
Gospels and Letters of Paul.
The periphery of the canon is
not yet determined. According to one list, compiled at Rome c. AD 200 (the
Muratorian Canon), the NT consists of the 4 gospels; Acts; 13 letters of Paul
(Hebrews is not included); 3 of the 7 General Epistles (1-2 John and Jude); and
also the Apocalypse of Peter.
The earliest extant list of
the books of the NT, in exactly the number and order in which we presently have
them, is written by Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, in his Festal letter # 39
of 367 A.D..
Pope Damasus I, in a letter, listed the New
Testament books in their present number and order.
Council of Hippo affirmed the Canon written by Bishop Athanasius.
The Council of Carthage reaffirmed the Canons of the Old and New
At the Council of Florence, the entire Church
recognized the 27 books, though does not declare them unalterable. This council
confirmed the Roman Catholic Canon of the Bible which Pope Damasus I had
published a thousand years earlier.
In his translation of
the Bible from Greek into German, Luther removed 4 N.T. books (Hebrews, James,
Jude, and Revelation) and placed them in an appendix saying they were less than
At the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church
reaffirmed once and for all the full list of 27 books as traditionally accepted.
Some final notes...
some Protestants who have studied the origins of the Canons of Scripture, accept
the decisions of Pope St. Damasus I, and the various councils when they
finalized the New Testament canon, but reject the decisions of the same councils
for the canon of the Old Testament. In doing so, they have to admit that the
Catholic Church, by infallible decision, determined the canon of the New
Testament. By whose authority then, do they reject the canon of the Old
Testament, which was decided by the same Bishops at the same council?
is a perfect example of acceptance of "half of the truth".
The only way
Protestants can know which are the inspired books of the Bible is for them to
accept the teaching of the Catholic Church. If this is not acceptable, then
please, someone show me the listing of the inspired books in the
Is The Catholic
Bible, Or The Daughter?
By simple deduction...
Church was founded at the end of Christ's
ministry on earth, or about 29-30
The first book of the New Testament was not even written
20 years later.
The Catholic Church could not possibly have come from the
Instead, the Bible came from the Catholic Church.
Catholic Church is the mother of the Bible, and not the daughter.
By the time
Revelation, the last book of the Bible, was written around 100 A.D.,
Catholic Church was already on its fifth Pope, St. Evaristus.
Compiled by Bob Stanley, July 12, 1999
Updated October 15, 2004
Updated November 29, 2008
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